149th infantry regiment
Chamberlin described the circumstances: Colonel Stone, who had ably directed the operations of his brigade, exposing himself fearlessly at all times, went forward a short distance to reconnoitre [sic], when he received severe wounds in the hip and arm, which entirely disabled him.(77). The Confederates had been hesitant to approach the flags, which implied the presence of a regiment. Organized and mustered in on the 16th of August 16, 1862; mustered out June 24, 1865. Have they got this job by contract? Four had lost over seventy percent . I am interested in this unit because a possible ancestor of mine serve… By Avery C. Lentz ’14. It was originally constituted 22 May 1846 in the Kentucky Militia as the 1st Kentucky Cavalry and the 2d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry. -Puerto Rico Campaign With a Rebel yell, they leaped into the hiding place. But the movement, as it was executed, had greater results than I had hoped.  (60) Stone's brigade arrived in the seminary area soaked in sweat and panting with exhaustion. World War II The U.S. Army Center for Military History attributes lineage and honors to the Louisville unit further back than that. Years later, Captain Basler attempted to clear up what had happened, particularly in response to the controversy about why the color guard had not been recalled. Organized at Indianapolis, Ind., and mustered in March 1, 1865. Stanton enlisted Major Roy Stone of the 1st Bucktails to this task, and Stone raised 20 companies of recruits by the end of August 1862. As part of the 1st Corp, Army of the Potomac, the 149th arrived at the McPherson farm northwest of the town of Gettysburg around 11:30 am, July 1.  But the History of the 149th Infantry correctly states that as the 2nd Kentucky, the regiment had many years of service before 1917. Seeing that Sergeant Brehm's position was about to be overrun, Hoffman joined the retreat. Mustered out: June 12, 1865. Finally, a squad from the 42nd Mississippi moved forward cautiously to investigate.  Elsewhere within the Bucktail Brigade, the 150th lost 264 out of 397 men (66.5 percent), while the 143rd lost 241 of 465 men (51.8 percent).(81). 149th Infantry Regiment (Kentucky Army National Guard) The regiment was formed on 15 September 1917 with the redesignation of the 3rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, as part of the 74th Brigade, 37th Infantry Division . 44th Infantry Division. The One hundred and forty-ninth Volunteers were organized and mustered into the United States service at Syracuse, the 17th and 18th of September, 1862, and departed for the seat of war on the 23d of the same month, passing Elmira, Baltimore, and Washington on its way to join the Army of the Potomac, then located about Harper's Ferry. During the first year of the Civil War, the 1st Bucktails distinguished themselves as skirmishers and sharpshooters, and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton desired to raise an entire brigade of similar characteristics. The 149th regiment was organized by Colonel Henry A. Barnum at Syracuse, Onondaga County and was mustered in under Lieutenant Colonel John Strong and Major Abel G. Cook on September 18, 1862.The regiment marched to Washington, D. C.,April 29-May 19, 1865 and was mustered out there on June 12, 1865 under Colonel Nicholas Grumbach, who had been promoted on June 7. My confidence in this noble body of men was not misplaced . Frederick Phisterer. One unit that sticks out to me is the 149th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment. In 1861, after the outbreak of the American Civil War, the 149th Infantry Regiment (at the time part of the Kentucky State Militia and comprising the Lexington Battalion and the Kentucky River Battalion), was split between the Union and the Confederacy by the Kentucky General Assembly. They fought as if each man felt that upon his own arm hung the fate of the day and the nation.(83). Left State for Nashville, Tenn., March 3; thence moved to Decatur, Ala., and garrison and guard duty there till September. Milton S. Lawhead joined Company E of the 149th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry in August 1862. He indicated that he would have ordered the color guard to return "if I had been spared." The battalions engaged soon took a direction parallel to those opposed to them, thus causing a break in their line and exposing the flank of those engaged to the first of my two regiments in the Chambersburg road. The Battle of Gettysburg ended on July 3, the Union forces under General George G. Meade having defeated General Lee. Doubleday had purchased perhaps one and one-half precious hours by defending McPherson's Ridge. 149th History. 149th Pennsylvania Regiment - Bucktails Recruited in Potter county, Tioga county, Lycoming county, Clearfield county, Clarion county, Lebanon county, Allegheny county, Luzerne county, Mifflin county, and Huntingdon county, PA. 149th PA Regiment Soldier Biographies (59), As they neared Gettysburg, they were given instructions to leave the road and march, double-quick, 2 miles across fields to the Lutheran Theological Seminary.  The 149th New York Infantry was organized at Syracuse, N.Y., and mustered in September 18, 1862.. Organization Campaigns. Because the division was not combat ready, it was largely stripped of officers and men, who served as replacements for units already in combat. A frenzied fight over the colors took place, with the color guard desperately trying unsuccessfully to save the colors. cut and bring the regiment back under cover of the smoke, leaving the colors to draw the fire of the batteries. Stone's own report put the situation as follows: [A] new battery upon a hill on the extreme right opened a most destructive enfilade of our line, and at the same time all the troops upon my right fell back nearly a half mile to the Seminary Ridge. (72), The Confederate troops began to scale a fence along a steep railroad cut that had been built some years earlier for an intended extension of the Pennsylvania Railroad parallel to the pike. To prevent the collapse of the Kentucky State Militia, the General Assembly voted to split the entire militia in half. Every regiment, except for three, had lost more than sixty percent of their men. His defenders had also inflicted crippling losses upon their attackers . Major Cook took command of the regiment. It was originally constituted 22 May 1846 in the Kentucky Militia as the 1st Kentucky Cavalry and the 2d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry. The 149th had lost 336 men (killed, wounded, or missing in action) or 74.7 percent of the 450 men who began the day's battle. The 149th Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Butler, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on February 11, 1865 for a one year enlistment. We are the 149th Pennsylvania Bucktails Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a reenactment unit representing the original 149th PVI. One source reports 53 soldiers killed, 172 wounded, and 111 missing or captured out of 450 soldiers engaged for a total casualty rate of 74.7% at the epic Battle.. Nesbitt, John. [Dwight's men] found a small breastwork of rails . He moved the troops under his command into a right-angle deployment, with some men still on the ridge but with others facing to the north along Chambersburg Pike. The regimental and state colors were captured at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863. . The weakened Union forces allowed Lee to retreat to Virginia. Le 149th New YorkVolunteer Infantry Regiment est un régiment d'infanterie qui a servi dans l'armée de l'Union pendant la guerre de Sécession. Albany: J. The 149th Infantry Regiment was broken up in this way to provide replacements. ", Anticipating a second attack under General Junius Daniel, Stone ordered Colonel Dwight and the 149th to occupy the railroad cut. The 149th served in garrisons in Tennessee and Georgia. General Doubleday was, therefore, in command of the I Corps, when he came upon the men near the seminary. B. Lyon Company, 1912. ." This included the antecedents of the 149th Infantry Regiment. By Avery C. Lentz ’14 There were many units that were engaged in the Battle of Gettysburg. After a year of Federal service (June 1846 to June 1847), it was reorganized on 15 June 1860 in the Kentucky State Guard as the Lexington Battalion (which included the Lexington Rifles). 85th Inf Bde 102nd 169th 86th Inf Bde 103rd 172nd. The color episode would be debated for many years, first for its employment and second for the failure to recall the color guard. Stone explained that, "when they came to a fence within pistol-shot of his line [Dwight] gave them a staggering volley; reloading as they climbed the fence, and waiting till they came within 30 yards, gave them another volley, and charged, driving them back over the fence in utter confusion. Frederick Phisterer. The Regiment is most noted for its service and sacrifice on July 1, 1863, at the Battle of Gettysburg. Like their forerunners in the 1st Bucktail Regiment, each soldier wore a bucktail on his headwear as a trophy of marksmanship. Colonel Henry A. Barnum received authority, August 28, 1862, to recruit this regiment in the then 22d. The 149th Pennsylvania Infantry, also known as the 2nd Bucktail Regiment, volunteered during the American Civil War and served a 3-year term from August 1862 to June 1865. reported Doubleday, for after the corps was forced to respond to Rodes' threat, Stone held the angle in the line and Doubleday considered it, "in truth the key-point of the first day's battle."(69). Stone himself was shot down, battling to the last.(84). ... Pennsylvania Bucktails: A Photographic Album of the 42nd, 149th & 150th Pennsylvania Regiments, Schroeder Publications, September 2001. These 20 companies became the 149th and 150th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiments. Colonel [Walton] Dwight [of the 149th] was instructed to detach his color guard to a point north of the Chambersburg Pike, about fifty yards to the left front of the regiment. Monument along Chambersburg Pike at Gettysburg, "149th Pennsylvania Infantry-1st Regiment Bucktail Brigade", "150th Pennsylvania Infantry-2nd Regiment Bucktail Brigade", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=149th_Pennsylvania_Infantry_Regiment&oldid=984437184, Military units and formations established in 1862, Military units and formations disestablished in 1865, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 02:44. The 149th Indiana Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment from Indiana that served in the Union Army between March 1 and September 27, 1865, during the American Civil War. Their line being formed not parallel but obliquely to ours, their left first became engaged with the troops on the northern prolongation of Seminary Ridge. Was this, he wonders, another example of Stone favoring the 149th he had recruited in 1862? Colonel Dwight was reportedly drunk. 41st Infantry Division. Stone is after a big chunk of glory for his tails and does not intend that the 143rd shall have any of it.(76). 149th New York Infantry; France. The 149th Pennsylvania Infantry, also known as the 2nd Bucktail Regiment, volunteered during the American Civil War and served a 3-year term from August 1862 to June 1865. Regiment received the surrender of Generals Roddy and Warren. Service. "(63) Then, shouting "We have come to stay," the line of Pennsylvanians went forward.(64). According to Colonel Dwight, "the enemy's dead and wounded [were] completely covering the ground in our front."(75). The original monument was dedicated in 1886 on McPherson’s Ridge. In addition to pulling together accounts from the survivors of the color guard and others, he contacted General Stone, who replied to his "Dear Comrade" from Washington on September 26, 1896. 149th Illinois Infantry Regiment One Year Service February 11, 1865 - January 27, 1866 . However, the position was dreadfully exposed to Oak Hill, one mile north of the Chambersburg Pike, from which the Confederates could enfilade Doubleday's entire line [sweeping fire from a line of troops] and make it untenable.(66). As long as the Confederates approached from the west, it was a strong position, although there was no strong terrain feature for the left flank to rest upon. -Battle of Franklin They repulsed the repeated attacks of vastly superior numbers at close quarters, and maintained their position until the final retreat of the whole line. Although many observers and historians considered these actions as heroic, Private Harris of the 143rd viewed them from the perspective of his grudge against Stone and the 149th. and hunkered down with only their colors exposed to weather the storm. 81st Inf Bde 161st 163rd 82nd Inf Bde 162nd 186th. 152nd Infantry Regiment (United States)-Wikipedia 149th Infantry Regiment Civil War Fourth Onondaga 149th Regimental Flag HISTORY The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. What had such ghastly sacrifice gained? 149th Infantry Regiment Nickname: Fourth Onondaga. -Battle of Monterrey On October 21, 1862 the regiment received the state colors. October 4: Henry A. Barnum was commissioned colonel of the regiment. (62), Doubleday ordered Stone to deploy his three regiments south of Chambersburg Pike, along McPherson Ridge between two other I Corps brigades, those of Brigadier General Solomon Meredith and Brigadier General Lysander Cutler. Noting that General Doubleday referred to the Bucktails' position as the "key point" in the battle and that the enemy's official reports agreed, General Stone stated: I have proposed to the [U.S. Battlefield] Commission to establish the "key point" and mark it with a special monument, and shall ask the survivors of the 149th at their next reunion to co-operate in this work of justice to the Brigade. His men were Corporals John Friddell, Frederick Hoffman, and Franklin W. Lehman, and Color Guards Henry H. Spayd and John H. Hammel. The Confederates, part of General A. P. Hill's forces, were massing for an attack on the Union line north of the Chambersburg Pike, as Stone could see from his position. Doubleday also praised Stone and the Bucktails in his official report: I relied greatly on Stone's brigade to hold the post assigned them, as I soon saw I would be obliged to change front with a portion of my line to face the northwest, and his brigade held the pivot of the movement. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1867 View Entire Book Regimental History One-Year Regiments. Chamberlin recalled Doubleday's comments after he learned they were from Pennsylvania: [He] addressed a few words of encouragement to the several regiments, reminding them that they were upon their own soil, that the eye of the commonwealth was upon them, and that there was every reason to believe they would do their duty to the uttermost in defense of their State. Whatever the reason, we can be relatively certain that the ruse saved lives during Daniel's second advance on the Railroad Cut.(79). The 149th Infantry Regiment was officially activated from 17 January 1941, to 9 November 1945.. General Reynolds had been killed that morning, struck at about 10:15 while directing movements on McPherson's Ridge. ABMC honors the services of overseas U.S. Armed Forces by maintaining and promoting America's overseas commemorative … The location assigned Stone made their delaying mission even more difficult than it would have been under any circumstance. The situation threatened to grow intolerable. Subscribe to 149th Infantry Regiment, 38th Infantry Division Footer menu. 149th 150th 76th Inf Bde 151st 152nd. Between April–June 1861, soldiers with Union sympathies were reorganized as the 1st and 2nd Volunteer Kentucky Infantry regiments, while soldiers with Southern sympathies were reorganized into the 1st Kentucky Brigade (The Orphan Brigade). 79th Inf Bde 159th 184th 80th Inf Bde 108th 160th 185th 165th. The regiment was mustered out of service on January 27, 1866. , The two halves of the Kentucky Militia only fought each other once, at the Battle of Shiloh.. 149th Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry : Création : 18 septembre 1862: Dissolution : 12 juin 1865: Pays : États-Unis: Branche : Infanterie: Guerres : Guerre de Sécession. History and Campaigns Colonel Henry A. Barnum received authority, August 28, 1862, to recruit this regiment in the then 22d Senatorial District of the State; it was organized at Syracuse and there mustered in the United States service for three years September 17-18, 1862. The regiment served in the defenses of Washington D.C. until May 1863. -Battle of Shiloh Stone's official report described the attack, which began about 1:30. . The ruse worked [as the Confederates] spied the colors and assumed the 149th had changed their position again and shifted their fire at them, sparing Dwight's main body further punishment.(71). It was then expanded in November 1860 to comprise the Lexington Battalion and the Kentucky River Battalion. (67) It was about 11:00 a.m.. Stone's official report of the battle set the scene: As we came upon the field, the enemy opened fire upon us from two batteries on the opposite ridge, and continued it with some intermissions, during the action. He wondered why only the colors of the 149th, but not the 143rd and the 150th, were moved to deceive the Confederate forces. Years later, when he recalled watching Dwight's men of the 149th moving toward the railroad cut, he summarized his thoughts at the time: There go the men of the 149th with their tails just a bobbing. History of the 149th Infantry Regiment published in November 1943 while on Active Duty for World War II. In the end, Color Sergeant Brehm was killed trying to keep the colors from falling into enemy hands. 149th Infantry, State Color/Regimental Color. "(74), The 143rd had remained in its original position along Chambersburg Pike in support of the 149th. Historian Hartwig D. Scott explained the difficulties: The McPherson's Ridge position was also fraught with difficulties in successfully defending it. One of the men shouted back, "If we can't hold them, where can you get men that can? . This made my position hazardous and difficult in the extreme, but rendered its maintenance all the more important.(70). Company A, 1st Battalion, 149th Infantry Regiment U.S. Army Locations- Present Harlan Armory Harlan, Kentucky, United States Listing of every battle and skirmish. A Gettysburg the regiment participated in the famous defense (Culp's hill, made by Greene's brigade, in which the 149th, fighting behind breastworks, lost 6 killed, 46 wounded and 3 missing, but inflicted many times that loss on its assailants. He added that the regiment "could not have lived to do the grand work it did later in the action" if he had not dispatched the color guard. As Doubleday turned to leave, he told them, "Hold them boys when you get there." Mustered out September 27, 1865. Fighting would begin that day before the Union infantry, including the Bucktails, were in position. American Civil War The volleys from the 143rd helped repulse Daniel's men. -First Battle of Murfreesboro The numerical designation, but not the lineage or honors, is now carried on in the 149th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade. Recruitment for the regiment took place in the counties of Potter, Tioga, Lycoming, Clearfield, Clarion, Lebanon, Allegheny, Luzerne, Mifflin, and Huntingdon. By 9:30 am, the Bucktails were coming up fast from their overnight quarters at the Samuel White farm. (65) The primary goal at McPherson Ridge was delay—to give the Union forces time to reach Gettysburg for the battle—and to inflict as many casualties as possible. Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501. He had lost his reelection bid in 1862 and was. . At the time of the battle, in Washington serving as Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives. At about 1 p.m., a Confederate battery under Major General Robert E. Rodes on Oak Hill, to the brigade's extreme right, opened fire on Cutler's and Stone's brigades. . 1st Battalion, 149th Infantry Regiment Barbourville Armory | Barbourville, Kentucky, United States Headquarters and Headquarters Company The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Spanish–American War Our low ridge afforded slight shelter from this fire, but no better was attainable, and our first disposition was unchanged until between 12 and 1 o'clock.(68). Stone, in his official report, gave all the credit to his men: No language can do justice to the conduct of my officers and men on the bloody "first day" to the coolness with which they watched and awaited, under a fierce storm of shot and shell, the approach of the enemy's overwhelming masses; their ready obedience to orders, and the prompt and perfect execution, under fire, of all the tactics of the battle-field; to the fierceness of their repeated attacks, or to the desperate tenacity of their resistance. He had been seriously wounded at Malvern Hill as major of the 12th New York Infantry Regiment, and was not able to join the 149th in the field until January of 1863. 40th Infantry Division. (78) Captain John H. Basler, whose Company C of the 149th, included the color guard, was also injured and out of action. Shelling from Herr's Ridge became intense. 57th Inf Bde 113th 114th 87th Inf Bde 71st 174th 324th. Composed of men from nine PA counties, the 149th was one of two "Bucktail" units recruited in August 1862, by Roy Stone, Colonel, who was originally major of the old Bucktails (42nd Infantry). Amidst bursting shells fired by Confederate artillerymen on Herr Ridge, Stone's brigade took its position between McPherson's house and the Chambersburg Road. History of the recruitment, organization, and service record of the 149th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. Many men had fallen out of the ranks but soon rejoined the brigade.(61). B. Lyon Company, 1912. With permission, Cutler's brigade pulled back to prevent a possible attack from the northwest, leaving Stone's brigade exposed. -Battle of Leyte It has the Special Designation 'Second Kentucky', commemorating its previous state designation. Like their forerunners in the 1st Bucktail Regiment, each soldier wore a bucktail on his headwear as a trophy of marksmanship. In 1888 this was moved to its present location on Hancock Avenue, where the regiment was positioned on July 3. . Mustered out: June 12, 1865. The history of the 149th Infantry, with that number, goes back to April 28, 1917. From their overnight quarters at the time. inflict losses 's brigade exposed,. Had been killed that morning, struck at about 10:15 while directing on. The extreme, but rendered its maintenance all the more important. ( )... Not misplaced service February 11, 1865 its maintenance all the more.. It was originally constituted 22 May 1846 in the War `` an unlikely Maneuver, not in... Presence of a Regiment am interested in this noble body of men not. 73 ) the 149th Infantry Regiment one Year service February 11, 1865, McFarland Press, 1994 quarters... 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