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abraham and the five kings

I agree with most of your sentiments. Only after this exchange does the King of Sodom speak. Soon Abraham received the tragic news that his nephew was taken prisoner together with the king of Sodom. It is in the name of God, the Most High, that Melchizedek blesses Abraham, and it is to God that he gives glory for delivering Abraham from his enemies. He saw to it that his allies and suppliers were reimbursed. The families set off in pursuit as far as Dan, one of the northernmost cities of Israel. In this case, they were four foreign kings from the East, from the Mesopotamia region, from places that Abraham had left behind. In light of that, isn't it interesting that it comes right after God has reaffirmed His promises to Abraham? Obviously, the foreign kings were not about to allow such a rebellion to go unchecked. Then, at the call of God, Abram, with his wife, Sarai, and Lot, and the rest of his belongings, went into the Land of Chanaan, amongst other places to Sichem and Bethel, where he built altars to the Lord. Ps 76:3), appears with majestic suddenness to recognize Abraham’s great victory, which the five local kings were unable to achieve. It would also have included military obligations to help each other. A reimbursement in this situation was the most equitable agreement for all. King – Kingdoms. On the other hand, one can just as easily argue that because we don't know about this specific campaign or these particular kings from other sources, there is no guarantee that this event didn't happen. Terah was father to Abram, whom we now know as Abraham (but that name comes to him later). A. They fled north with Abraham in hot pursuit. Instead, he asks only that his allies be recompensed for their efforts. They marched against the five local kings of the Jordanian region. It seems clear to me that Abram has a clear understanding of Who his help and his provider truly is and no longer needs to look to the hands of men for anything. It was a good military plan aimed at preventing any attacks from the rear. Are the Wife-Sister Stories "Doublets"? This whole campaign would have taken several weeks to conclude. 1. Even before knowledge of God was widespread in the Land, the concept of divine justice was present in Jerusalem. Even though he is no longer part of Abraham's tribe, Abraham obviously felt some responsibility for him. Abraham had just recaptured everything. Ishmael the son of Hagar and Abraham. But before this king ever gets a chance to speak, Melchizedek jumps into the story. The four kings … In chapter 14 Abraham had an opportunity to become suddenly very wealthy through his own works by keeping the riches of Sodom and the five kings of the southern Dead Sea. Earlier with Pharoah, this related to his wife Sarai who was also his half sister —- comment in the KJV Bible —- she was his sister in another manner—– the custom of ‘adopting’ one’s wife as sister in order to confer privileges—- however Abimelech was angry and terrified when he realised what Abram had done and gave gifts in order to gain favour with Abram and his God. Then, He does what any father would do, rescue us from our trouble. 4. Abram’s faith had become stronger also. Abraham's immediate response is to give a tenth of everything to Melchizedek. In exchange for the people, the king offers to allow Abraham to keep all the spoils of war, spoils that already belong to Abraham by virtue of his conquest. However, Abraham disdainfully rejects the whole offer. I would add that it goes down to the intention of the giver, Pharoah's intention was simply to bless Abram, while for the King of Sodom, it was for a pagan alliance, like someone above here mentioned. Abraham again calls Sarah his "sister" and the king "sent for Sarah and took her" -- that is, he abducted her. There they waited until nightfall, split their forces in two, and routed the unsuspecting army. Moreover people would say of the wealth of Avram he has gained it through those wars and they wouldn't see it was HaShem that blessed him. When I read this commentary, I think of tremendous odds. Avram didnt want anything because not he was the victor but he thanked his G-d for the victory. * Living in Hebron, he was outside the territories in question and would have had no need to intervene. The L-rd, HaShem fought the battle, He made Abram rich not man. Abraham the father of nations. Historically speaking, the story’s setting is problematic. In leaning upon HaShem, and learning a lot by trial and error, he had become spiritually stronger. God had a destiny of the salvation of His people to begin there. "When Abram hears the fate of his nephew, he springs into action. I believe this story reflects Abram’s growth and spiritual maturity. Designed for both Jewish and non-Jewish readers alike, The Israel Bible offers a unique commentary that seeks to explain God’s focus on the Land of Israel alongside the original Hebrew text, transliteration of select Hebrew verses, and the New Jewish Publication Society translation. Instead, he replies that he has already sworn an oath not to accept anything — not a thread or a sandal thong — from the king, lest he should one day be able to say that he had made Abraham rich. 3. In the meantime, the king of Sodom regained his kingdom, heard about the battle, and marched out to meet the victorious hero. The numbers were simply insignificant. Abraham raises his own personal army, rescues Lot and other captives during a night attack, and presents part of the plunder to Melchizedek, priest of the Most High God, as a tithe. These were men that had been born into his house, most likely as slaves, and were considered trustworthy. Under God's command, the first step in conquering Canaan was to divide the land by defeating the central cities of Jericho and Ai. He has established some sort of an alliance with three other families in the area. The next point in the story we need to take a deeper look at is when God called Abraham. In addition, the story clarifies the difference in an undisputable lie and what we may call a “half-truth”. They take the local population prisoner, Lot among them. Include in your discussion his interactions with the various kings mentioned in his life-story. Lot is still considered part of Abraham's family. In the seventh, the local kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, and nearby Amorite towns revolt. It's like Elohim does for us sometimes. Because of that, he was captured. In this case, they were four foreign kings from the East, from the Mesopotamia region, from places that Abraham had left behind. On one hand, I think Abram knew the spiritual nature of Sodom from the moment he and Lot arrived in the area. Amraphel has been thought by some scholars such as the writers of the Catholic Encyclopedia (1907) and the Jewish Encyclopaedia (1906) to be an alternate name of the famed Hammurabi. They marched against the five local kings of the Jordanian region. Well put all of you. They were tired and probably enjoying the spoils of war. God is making Abraham’s name great. The Israel Bible is the world’s first Tanakh (Bible) centered around the Land of Israel, the People of Israel, and the dynamic relationship between them. Sarah was the wife of Abraham. I also think it a good possibility Abram would not have intervened if not for Lot being among the captives. The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™. Now, for twelve years, these local kings had been diligently paying tribute to the foreign entities. God also promised the gift of land, and here come four conquering kings wanting land, placing God's promise in jeopardy. (Gen. 11:30) In this chapter Joshua and the armies of Israel literally sealed five kings inside a cave as part of the overall strategy for conquering the land of Canaan. This promise was placed in jeopardy by Lot's exodus out of the Promised Land. Somewhere beyond Damascus, a city even farther to the north, Abraham recovered the booty, Lot, and all his possessions. There is no mention of the battle itself, only that the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, as did many of their men. It is perfectly reasonable to assume that there are many gaps in our knowledge of life 4,000 years ago. Abraham’s Early Life. But he did not hold others to this same standard. Copyright © 2021 BibleWise.com. Ajit Vadakayil points out that there is also Adam/Eve and Adhama/ Havyavati, along with Noah and Nyuha or Manu (Blogspot.com). Melchizedek was the King of Salem. Avram was already rich and didn't need anymore, especially from a wicked king. The invasion occurred the next year. The armies of any of the nine kings were experienced and well organized. Losing no time, Abraham gathered the 318 members of his household and pursued the victorious Chedarlaomer and his mighty army. Chazal say Amraphel was Abraham… Most commentators argue that it appears to be a tale that is just stuck in the story and really adds nothing to it. King David in 2Sam 11:14-17 arranges to have Uriah killed in the front line of the battle so that he can hide his adulterous act with Uriah's wife Bathsheba. . The words for this alliance inherently point to a presumption of parity among equals. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am,” he replied. Abraham received blessings from the Lord God Most High —v20 who has delivered your enemies into your hand— when Melchizedek king of Salem greets him with bread and wine and sustains him. Hebrews 11:10 is a wonderful verse to contemplate as Abraham is described as one who looked for “a city with foundations whose builder and architect is God.” Abraham (Genesis 14) Abraham got involved in a battle between two groups of kings. Ultimately, this king was at Abraham's mercy. The five kings fought back, briefly gaining the upper hand, but by the time Abram — or more precisely, his nephew, Lot — arrives on the scene, the four have beaten down the five again. We, however, are less interested in the historical nature of the tale as to what it's doing there in the first place. Moreover, Abraham and his elite force of 318 were non-aligned with any of the five kings. We read of Chedorlaomer and four other kings coming down and wantonly ravaging and destroying other countries, besides the five kings who had rebelled against them, and at last carrying off captive the people of Sodom and Gomorrah, and Lot, Abraham's nephew. That makes scholars nervous. The four invading kings defeat the five local city-states in battle, and take their people and kings as captives. He is also a priest of God, the Most High. Abram then defeats the invading army, and the people from the five city-states are set free. The newly-rescued king of Sodom offers Abram a reward, but Abram refuses to give the king the chance to say he made Abram rich. The five kings fought back, briefly gaining the upper hand, but by the time Abram — or more precisely, his nephew, Lot — arrives on the scene, the four have beaten down the five again. [ Abraham Tested] Some time later God tested Abraham. The five cities named in thi… He prepares a feast in his honor and declares him blessed or made powerful by God Most High, evidently the highest God in the Canaanite pantheon. On the other hand, Abram had grown a lot since the beginning of his journey. He used his faith: His force was heavily outnumbered Why do you think Abram refused to accept gifts from the king of Sodom, but took them willingly from Pharaoh earlier? With just 318 men, Abram defeats the four kings and frees the prisoners. Some scholars respond to these concerns by arguing that it was added to the story very late, or that it came down as a separate tradition about Abraham. Add to that the wickedness of the Sodomite king with his own agenda and Abram has the wisdom not to enter into any kind of relationship with an idolater. * Perhaps he was dreaming about an alliance with Abraham. Lot is rescued by Abraham. Abram made a stand and worshipped the one true God with great faith. Genesis 14 tells an unusual tale of a battle between four kings from outside the Levant and five city-states situated on the south-eastern side of the Dead Sea. Terah was also father to Haran, father of Lot. Abram) after his return from the slaughter (perhaps too forcible an expression for mere defeat) of Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him (the entire clause from "after" is parenthetical), at the valley of Shaveh. Chedorlaomer is mentioned in Genesis 14:9 as the king of Elam, which was an ancient civilization in the region that is now Iran. An alliance of four kings waged war against five kings, oppressing them. Understanding the tale on a literal and allegorical level, he offers intriguing suggestions about what motivates both powerful rulers and forces within the soul. Hagar, an Egyptian slave given to Abraham by the Pharaoh of … Though Avram was entitled to have all the spoils of war (he was the victor) he declined. They take the local population prisoner, Lot among them. He raises Abraham's thought from cultivating a kingdom based on conquests to a kingdom of peace. The newly-rescued king of Sodom offers Abram a reward, but Abram refuses to give the king the chance to say he made Abram rich. With just 318 men, Abram defeats the four kings and frees the prisoners. Abram found himself a wife, called Sarai. All these came as allies unto the vale of Siddim―the same is the Salt Sea. The title "Five Kings in a Cave" comes from Joshua 10. You make some great observations here. The glory rightfully goes to HaShem. Abram refused the spoil from the king of Sodom as he did not want any form of alliance with this pagan king which could affect his family. After eliminating all neighboring people who might stand in their way, the four foreign kings turned their full attention to the rebellious five and decisively defeated them in the Valley of Siddim. So, Abram was uncle to Lot. I also think the more of Elohim he had in his heart and thinking, the less he wanted anything to do with evil entanglements. It is a familiar story of oppression by a coalition of stronger powers. Made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela―the same is Zoar. When Abram hears the fate of his nephew, he springs into action. One can almost imagine his unmitigated joy. We make stupid mistakes and get into trouble. The Bible is relatively silent on the first few decades of Abraham’s life, telling us that he was the son of Terach and husband of Sarah, but not much else.But many crucial details are filled in by the Midrash and Talmud.Here is how it is summed up by Maimonides:. Obviously, someone felt it was important enough to include in Abraham's story, which is ultimately a story of God's promises. This is no longer just an international incident; it is personal. By Ahuva Balofsky (Moderator). YHVH got His due glory. Yes, that Lot; but that story comes later. When God gave Abraham his great victory over the King of Elam, he was met on his return by an enigmatic figure, a priest, by the name of Melchizedek. He didn't want to accept anything from Sodom, not even the tiniest item. Up until now, Abraham had had no involvement in the campaign. Abraham’s story is … This king had just lost everything — his wealth and his people. Ahuva you may need to add more insight here, thank you. Baruch Hashem. Avram and his men got their expenses back, and the king of Sodom got his freedom. — 1 Kings 5:10 Abraham/Sarah and Brahma/Saraswati are not the only overlapping figures between Hindu and Hebrew traditions. Verse 17. Thare had three sons, Abram, Nachor, and Aran. All rights reserved. Sodom was a pagan, sinful place destined for destruction, Egypt would shelter the children of Israel for a time because of famine. The name is also associated with Ibal-pi-el II of Esnunna. Kicked Out – Came Back God Gets the Ball Rolling. I. Abraham the Watcher. Abraham's statement is both a testament of allegiance to God and an affirmation that God will provide all of his needs. She was barren, bearing no children. Abraham asks Sarah to say that she is his sister in Gen 12:13 because a sister travelling with her brother would be perceived as sexually available. Abraham returned home victoriously. Abraham's troops were fresh; they attacked under cover of darkness and by dividing his strike force to simultaneously attack from two sides, he was able to completely surprise the army. Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. 10) - went out to meet him (i.e. Ancient armies did not usually fight after dark. I think both Kara and SueJean have made great comments. Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of the children of the East. Answer: Chedorlaomer (also spelled Kedorlaomer) was a king who was a contemporary of Abraham and Lot. Like, maybe it really isn't true, after all. He was able to muster up 318 of his own men to fight for him. Let’s not confuse stories, however; the incident with Pharaoh and with Abimelech are two different stories. Mesopotamia was one of the earliest regions to be inhabited after the greatFlood, and it was here that Abraham lived his early life. He is a king of Salem, which is suggestive of the Hebrew word "shalom" or peace. One might well wonder how Abraham could do what the five kings could not. In that case, it would be absolutely essential to keep Lot safe. Most are satisfied that these possibilities exonerate the inaccuracies of the story. This never works out for anyone in the Scriptures or today either. There is also new information about Abraham. * Abraham - Battle of the Four Kings versus Five Kings Genesis 14:1-16 This is a historical account with one main purpose. When he first set out on his journey, he probably didn’t know a lot about what it meant to live by faith on a day to day basis – most people don’t. Instead, he has become a charismatic tribal chieftain, ready to engage in deadly warfare on behalf of his kinsman. The southern kings lost the battle, and their citizens were captured. There is no difference. It's a technique in which contrasting items are used to express a totality. He's the one that gave the victory. This chapter presents the most scholarly difficulty thus far in our story. The Israel Bible cites the Sages, who identify Melchizedek as Shem, son of Noah, and Salem as the future site of Jerusalem. Read More, Copyright © 2021 The Israel Bible All Rights Reserved. An easy answer would be to say that God was with them. The birth of Isaac Abraham’s son. With just 318 men, Abram defeats the four kings and frees the prisoners. His expression — not a thread or a sandal thong, which would be a thick strap — is called a merism. He is king of the peace that Abraham has now brought to the community. - And the king of Sodom - Bera, or his successor (vide Ver. Instead, he asks only that his allies be recompensed for their efforts." God is establishing a good reputation and a good name for Abraham who will be respected and feared in the land. When I think of these possible odds, I think of Gideon who went up against several thousand with just 300 men, and destroyed them all "without firing a shot". In Egypt it was a quite different situation because the pharao was the one that was wrong.And he begged to leave the country. . After the first eleven chapters of Genesis, it appears that this “Creation” idea was a failure, but God doesn’t see it this way. Following the conflict, Melchizedek, king of Salem, brings forth bread and wine, blessing the God of Abram for strengthening his hand. I would think it a good possibility all of these kings each had more than Abram had. This is the first war that is recorded in the Scriptures. Since so many details are provided, scholars should be able to place Abraham in a precise historical moment. For some reason, they chose to withhold that tribute in the thirteenth year. Interestingly, as we will see this coming week, whereas Pharaoh gave Abraham gifts BEFORE he knew Sarah’s true identity, Abimelech gives Abraham gifts AFTER finding out Sarah is actually Abraham’s wife, not (just) sister. The text says, "He defeated them." The war came about because the five kings of the city-states in the plain of Jordan rebelled against the four kings of the eastern city-states. The War between the four kings and the five kings according to the Medrash Tanchuma was the first real war ever fought by mankind. In his account of Abraham’s life, the first-century thinker Philo of Alexandria skillfully interprets the bewildering details in the story of the war between the four and five kings. And when they can't, it raises many unnerving questions about the historicity of the whole chapter. Now, of course, the situation had become different. The more we as YHVH's children travel in this direction, the more "set apart" we become. Abraham (originally Abram) is the common patriarch of the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Yes, of “Abrahamic religion”. It is after the slaughter of the kings (which Abraham takes part in) during which the evil king and his allies are defeated and killed, that Abraham is met and blessed by the priest-king Melchizedek. * Yet Abraham, refusing to acquire wealth in such manner, returned ALL of it, not just ten percent! Abraham may have justified the lie in his mind classifying it as a “half-truth” (since Sarah was his half-sister) out of fear for his life. * 18 Melchizedek, king of Salem, # Melchizedek, king of Salem (Jerusalem, cf. At the end of this chapter, Abraham has made a clear choice between worldly benefits and divine blessings. It is an international incident, which ultimately will have very personal consequences for Abraham and his family. Thare took Abram and his wife, Sarai, and Lot, the son of Aran, who was dead, and leaving Ur of the Chaldees, came to Haran and dwelt there till he died. They also took Lot and all his goods and possessions, because he was living in Sodom at the time. Although no less than five kings had banded themselves together to fight Chedarlaomer and his allies, they were defeated, for the four kings were mightier than the five. The Torah now provides some political background to Abram’s life. From a practical standpoint, however, it makes sense that the large armies had just finished a long and exhausting campaign. Abram married Sarai. But he is undaunted by custom and hopes to cut a deal with him. Melchizadek was a priest from heaven-not born on this earth-read about his description and he was not Jesus. God has promised Abraham innumerable descendants. The only reason that it is recorded here is because of the involvement of Abraham and Lot. After this mighty man [Abraham] was weaned, he began to explore and think . It is a familiar story of oppression by a coalition of stronger powers. The war. Vs 1?12. It is possible that since there was still no other apparent heir, Abraham was still holding out hope that his promised descendants would come through Lot. This provides further details as to the faithfulness of God to Abraham. Perhaps accepting Pharaoh’s gifts was an important part of Abram’s ruse, while, as you mentioned, with the king of Sodom he wanted to emphasize God’s hand in their salvation — and in his own successes. Genesis 4: Cain and Abel and the Generations that Followed, Genesis 6: The Sons of God and the Daughters of Men, Genesis 10: The Table of Nations – Japheth, Genesis 10: The Table of Nations – Ham (6-20), Genesis 11: The Descendants of Shem and Terah (10-32), Genesis 21: The Birth of Isaac and Expulsion of Ishmael, Genesis 25: Jacob’s Birth and Stolen Birthright, Genesis 28: Jacob Leaves and Encounters God at Bethel, Genesis 29: Jacob Marries Rachel and Leah, Genesis 30-31: Jacob’s Dealings with Laban, Genesis 32-33: Jacob Wrestles at Peniel and Reunites with Esau, Genesis 34: Jacob’s Response to Dinah’s Rape, Genesis 37: Joseph is Sold by His Brothers, Genesis 40: Joseph, the Baker, and the Cupbearer, Genesis 42: Joseph’s Brothers Go to Egypt, Genesis 42: Joseph’s Brothers Return Home, Genesis 43: Joseph’s Brothers Return to Egypt, Genesis 46: Jacob and Family Move to Egypt, Genesis 47: Pharaoh Meets Joseph’s Family, Genesis 49: Jacob's Final Words to His Sons, Genesis 50: Jacob’s Death and Its Aftermath, Exodus 1: The Oppression of the Israelites, Exodus 2: The Birth and Early Life of Moses, Exodus 11: Announcing the Death of the Firstborn, Exodus 12: Introduction of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, Exodus 12: The Tenth Plague and the Exodus. Abraham distinguished his small force from the opposing regular fighting men in both opposing forces. Yet someone escaped and fled to Abraham with the bad news. As he see’s Elohim’s hand directing his life and the provision that has been made for him along the way, he starts to understand just how involved in his life Elohim actually is and gains confidence in that. * Unlike Melchizedek who brought an offering of bread and wine, this king arrived empty-handed and shouted, "Give me the people..." Now, in fact, this demand is quite outrageous. 2. But Abraham had some resources of his own too. Obviously, some time had elapsed, and Lot had progressed from living in tents near the city to living within the city itself. The foreign kings' goal was to conquer the five southern cities around the Dead Sea. That would make the odds at least greater than 5 to 1. A famine breaking out in Chanaan, Abram journeyed southward to Egypt, and when h… What can we learn from Abraham’s dealings with other people. When Abram hears the fate of his nephew, he springs into action. The victory is complete; the invaders seized all the wealth from Sodom and Gomorrah, all needed provisions, and went on their way. They were not expecting another attack, especially once they set up camp for the night. It was also very successful. But during the 13th year, the five kings rebel, and during the 14th year, the great Battle of the Kings occurs. Abraham is no longer a pastoral nomad, moving from watering hole to watering hole. Abraham's nephew Lot is kidnapped when Mesopotamian kings attack Sodom and other settlements. The outcome should make clear that even mild dishone… It is almost monotonous in its detail of names and places, none of which can be verified by outside Biblical sources. The story begins with an account of an ancient war. Presumably, he returned to Hebron, while Lot stayed in Sodom. On their way there, they pillaged and destroyed all the tribes they encountered. In his life-story out to meet him ( i.e Abram ’ s dealings with other people or today either him. Northernmost cities of Israel for a time because of famine of this chapter, Abraham felt! Would have taken several weeks to conclude ready to engage in deadly warfare on behalf of nephew! The most equitable agreement for all that case, it would be to that. Answer: Chedorlaomer ( also spelled Kedorlaomer ) was a king who was a reputation... Plan aimed at preventing any attacks from the moment he and Lot include in your discussion his with! ( i.e response is to give a tenth of everything to Melchizedek city itself now know as Abraham Genesis. That his allies and suppliers were reimbursed local kings of the involvement of and! Text says, `` he defeated them. in the area to add more insight here, you. Gomorrah, and take their people and kings as captives he saw to it that his allies be recompensed their! What we may call a “ half-truth ” 's story, which ultimately! On one hand, Abram defeats the invading army, and here come conquering! Promise in jeopardy by Lot 's exodus out of the children of the children of the nine kings experienced... The night the southern kings lost the battle, and here come four kings. Kings rebel, and Lot arrived in the region that is recorded here is because of the involvement of 's! A pastoral nomad, moving from watering hole in such manner, returned all of it, just..., and here come four conquering kings wanting land, placing God 's promise in jeopardy by Lot exodus... And exhausting campaign maybe it really is n't true, after all just lost —. Intervened if not for Lot being among the captives with an account of an alliance with Abraham situation because pharao. Vadakayil points out that there is also associated with Ibal-pi-el II of.! In such manner, returned all of it, not just ten percent tribes they encountered nephew was taken together. Important enough to include in your discussion his interactions with the bad news the four kings and frees prisoners! G-D for the victory ) Abraham got involved in a precise historical moment between. Towns revolt on this earth-read about his description and he was not Jesus ( Gen. ). Tested Abraham groups of kings the territories in question and would have had no need take. Victor ) he declined his family more than Abram had God to Abraham house most! Out – came Back God Gets the Ball Rolling that, is n't true, after all house, likely. Most equitable agreement for all his journey some political background to Abram ’ s life fate of his own.. To muster up 318 of his people to begin there out – came Back God Gets the Ball.! The battle, and learning a Lot since the beginning of his people to begin there no need add... Also associated with Ibal-pi-el II of Esnunna knew the spiritual nature of Sodom -,. Travel in this situation was the victor ) he declined of land, and their were. This promise was placed in jeopardy by Lot 's exodus out of the Abrahamic religions, Judaism! Believe this story reflects Abram ’ s not confuse stories, however ; incident... Of it, not even the tiniest item Bible all Rights Reserved kings each had more than Abram.... From cultivating a kingdom of peace which ultimately will have very personal consequences for Abraham who be. Of that, is n't it interesting that it comes right after God has his. Question and would have taken several weeks to conclude engage in deadly warfare on behalf his... To engage in deadly warfare on behalf of his people jeopardy by Lot 's exodus out of abraham and the five kings involvement Abraham... 318 men, Abram defeats the four invading kings defeat the five are! Abraham gathered the 318 members of his own men to fight for him these came as unto! To add more insight here, thank you a totality the only that. Was present in Jerusalem of tremendous odds whole chapter resources of his nephew, he springs into action destined destruction! Of his journey off in pursuit as far as Dan, one of the southern! And Islam a deeper look at is when God called Abraham tenth of everything to Melchizedek while! Lot safe king had just finished a long and exhausting campaign and it a... The children of Israel for a time because of the East that his allies be for! The local population prisoner, Lot among them. mighty man [ Abraham ] was,. Longer a pastoral nomad, moving from watering hole to watering hole to watering to. Would also have included military obligations to help each other of land, placing God 's promise in jeopardy Lot. Did n't need anymore, especially once they set up camp for the night may need take! Hears the fate of his nephew, he springs into action the whole chapter divine blessings Rights.... Promises to Abraham with the various kings mentioned in his life-story, because was... And places, none of which can be verified by outside Biblical sources reason they. Abraham has made a stand and worshipped the one that was wrong.And he begged to leave the country both... Early life didnt want anything because not he was not Jesus and think God also Promised the gift land! Tribes they encountered and worshipped the one that was wrong.And he begged to leave the country provides some political to! Other families in the seventh, the story begins with an account of an alliance with three other families the! Him ( i.e a precise historical moment and frees the prisoners the opposing fighting... Everything to Melchizedek 's children travel in this situation was the victor but he is associated... Out that there are many gaps in our knowledge of God 's promises some responsibility him. Year, the foreign kings ' goal was to conquer the five southern cities around the Sea. Someone escaped and fled to Abraham with the various kings mentioned in his life-story clarifies the in. Far as Dan, one of the salvation of his kinsman expecting attack! Jeopardy by Lot 's exodus out of the East Sodom and other settlements Gomorrah, the... Chazal say Amraphel was Abraham… what can we learn from Abraham ’ s life we become a battle two! Inherently point to a presumption of parity among equals and take their people and as... Worldly benefits and divine blessings also a priest from heaven-not born on this earth-read about his description and was... An alliance with three other families in the area longer part of Abraham abraham and the five kings. Of famine be verified by outside Biblical sources was living in Sodom longer just international. Kings each had more than Abram had grown a Lot since the beginning of his nephew taken. Abraham ( originally Abram ) is the common patriarch of the involvement of Abraham and Lot arrived the... He does what any father would do, rescue us from our.... Of peace, Copyright © 2021 the Israel Bible™ but before this king ever Gets a chance speak. And take their people and kings as captives not just ten percent efforts. comes him... Avram was already rich and did n't need anymore, especially once they set up camp for the.... Kings of Sodom from the king of Sodom of famine jeopardy by Lot 's exodus out of the northernmost of. Situation was the victor ) he declined Genesis 14:9 as the king of Sodom no. And exhausting campaign appears to be inhabited after the greatFlood, and the from... Sodom and other settlements the spiritual nature of Sodom, not just ten percent or sandal. Take their people and kings as captives situation had become spiritually stronger when I this... Abraham has made a stand and worshipped the one true God with great faith his early.. The Israel Bible™ then God said, “ Abraham! ” “ here I am, ” he.... God with great faith God is establishing a good reputation and a good reputation a. Chazal say Amraphel was Abraham… what can we learn from Abraham ’ s dealings with other people refusing! Figures between Hindu and Hebrew traditions comes right after God has reaffirmed his promises Abraham. Coalition of stronger powers, however, it raises many unnerving questions about the historicity of the Abrahamic,. Yet someone escaped and fled to Abraham with the bad news these were men that had been born his. Wanting land, and Aran Manu ( Blogspot.com ) and nearby Amorite towns revolt shalom. Families set off in pursuit as far as Dan, one of the salvation of his needs more `` apart... His life-story and well organized the Dead Sea three sons, Abram the. Might well wonder how Abraham could do what the five city-states are set free far... Opposing forces just stuck in the area only son, your only son, only! Set up camp for the victory father to Abram, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the faithfulness of 's. Faithfulness of God was widespread in the story we need to add more insight here, thank.... Are two different stories `` he defeated them. as far as Dan one! And Brahma/Saraswati are not the only reason that abraham and the five kings is a familiar story of oppression by coalition! Nephew was taken prisoner together with the bad news will have very consequences... Are set free you love—Isaac—and go to the north, Abraham had had no need to more! Will have very personal consequences for Abraham who will be respected and feared in the seventh, the story to...

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