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how to read japanese years

Sometimes Gregorian years are used because they are more convenient for calculation, and sometimes Japanese years are used by tradition (as in many official documents issued by government). Enjoy the new day! Whether the current custom of women of the Imperial Household losing their titles due to marriage and being excluded from ascending the throne will be phased out or not, what is clear is that the Japanese Imperial family and the Japanese calendar is here to stay at least for a good while yet. And frankly, it takes the average Japanese kid six years to acquire the reading comprehension to read that comfortably, don't feel bad if it takes you at least that long. the one that says this year is 2021, the Japanese date system of designating years as era names based on the reign of Emperors still remains in place and runs concurrently along with the Gregorian system. So, what if there was a legal document talking about the future (for example: X needs to happen by ## year or Y will take effect)...could you just say X number of years after this date, or Heisei ##? What an interesting and informative article! Wow! For this reason, in official document, it is somewhat forced to use 元号. The era name assigned to the current Emperor is ‘Reiwa'. @TsuyoshiIto Yeah. The problem as to why it is so difficult is greatly misunderstood. The "u" to sound like the "oo" in "fool." the date starts with the day, then the month and last the year. For now, we won't worry about that and will just focus on basic counting. So if you look at the second column and find your Gregorian year of birth, or the last column and find how old you are (or will be turning in the current year), you can easily determine your Japanese year of birth. Does it take one hour to board a bullet train in China, and if so, why? Not that I want to promote the use of 元号, but I guess that the notation like 平成123年 is the “correct” way to refer to future years with 元号 now (although it is weird for the reason you stated). I'm just curious... Can you name the law which you are talking about in the second bullet? At the intermediate level, you can understand most of what your teacher says, and you can follow along with TV programs. The first column has the Japanese year, the second is the Gregorian calendar year, the third the animal of the year according to the Chinese zodiac, and the last is the current age of a person born in that year. After years of school and then even more years of self-study, I can read most Japanese novels comfortably without a dictionary, but would prefer to have one. Total Japanese Immersion. How does one defend against supply chain attacks? Students of Japanese who actively study for a few hours per day are typically ready to attempt the advanced-level Japanese tests (like the JLPT N2—that’s Japanese Language Proficiency Test Level 2) after about two and a half or three years. How should I refer to a professor as a undergrad TA? Japanese with Anime is a blog about learning Japanese written by someone who's learning Japanese to read manga and watch anime in Japanese. level 2 This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Do US presidential pardons include the cancellation of financial punishments? Pick a target, like sixth grade, and ask at your local bookstore for books tailored to that audience. I'll admit that I don't know if it's proper English. Why do small merchants charge an extra 30 cents for small amounts paid by credit card? In Gregorian years or in the format of Japanese-Era + Year number? Since 1870, the date is determined by the era (period, epoch) that coincides with the period of the emperor's reign and the year of the era (the number of years from the emperor's reign began). And that meant buying Japanese books, listening to Japanese music, eating Sushi, consuming Japanese cartoons and animation…hell, even getting a Japanese girlfriend. The name of the new era is “Reiwa” and was officially decided upon and announced on 1 April 2019, one month ahead of the ascension of the new Emperor to allow authorities and businesses time to prepare their paperwork and computer systems for the date change. Japanese phrases effectively, by listening to the audio of each sentence. If you want to master the most important kanji in Japanese, my top recommendation is to enrol in Japanese Uncovered, my in-depth online Japanese course … But I still find the time to read the daily news, check twitter, instagram, Facebook and all the other sites I’m reading. It can take years and years of study to get a level where you can read basic Japanese newspaper articles. I’ve always found this to be an interesting topic too. Japanese coins identify - how to read. Tenna (can also be read as Tenwa) ni nen ni gatsu hi: A day in the second year of Tenna era (1682). The streamlining of the era calendar therefore has effectively only been in place over the reign of the last five Emperors. Japanese coins are dated by ruling emperor (year of accession) plus the regnal year. Introducing 1 more language to a trilingual baby at home, Which is better: "Interaction of x with y" or "Interaction between x and y", short teaching demo on logs; but by someone who uses active learning. Q1. In fact, Princess Mako, the eldest granddaughter of former Emperor Akihito and niece of current Emperor Naruhito, announced in September 2017 her informal engagement to her boyfriend of 5 years, whom she met at university. A quick glance at a conversion table will clear things up. It takes a lot of focus and perseverance to really get the hang of the language. Oh I see. Prior to 1948 regnal numbers are read from right to left. When an Emperor dies mid-year, that year can therefore have two names. In response to the Emperor's wishes and support from the nation, the Japanese Diet (parliament/congress) enacted a special one-off law in June 2017, allowing Emperor Akihito to abdicate. "B" is observed in Singapore. ;), it definitely sounds overwhelming the first time you hear about it but you always make those funny facts interesting and easy to read about! Japanese schoolchildren are expected to learn all the jouyou kanji by the time they graduate high school. The month 月 here is read as gatsu (not getsu) when it is used for months of the year. Knowing your Japanese birth year will likely only ever come up if you live here and, in the end, that is only one number to remember. The 11th character of the VIN represents the location of the plant where the vehicle was manufactured. What happens if the Emperor passes away mid-year? ... With 30 possible characters, "A", for example, represents the year 1980 and 2010. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. ‘R3'. 3$5$3$5$ -,..85, - 9-To download free audio lessons, visit NHK WORLD In this case, 88年 is read as はちじゅうはちねん. Should I use On reading or Kun reading for numbers? The year 1989, for example, can historically be referred to as “Shōwa 64” or “Heisei 1” as Emperor Shōwa passed away on January 7th during the 64th year of his reign. When it comes to using the language with other Japanese speakers, however, you still have some limitations. Can A, B and C work for Japanese too? The counting of Japanese years follows the Gregorian calendar with the year starting on January 1st and ending on December 31st, yet it would be a rare occurrence that the death of an Emperor conveniently conforms to these dates. 2. June 20th, 2015 would be 20.06.2015, while in the US it would be 06.20.2015. years are calculated by the number of years the Emperor has reigned. It is not that easy, considering that there are various ways to state the date. Heisei Tsuchinoe-ne Kisaragi Kichi jitsu: An auspicious day in the second month of the year of the Rat (2008), in the reign of Emperor Heisei (Akihito). Ex. It only takes a minute to sign up. Prior to the Meiji Restoration, women of the Imperial family could become Emperor of Japan, and in fact Japan has had eight periods of female Imperial reign – six female Emperors, two of which reigned twice. Doing official paperwork in Japan – know your Japanese birth year! It is more use than 2012 etc. While Japan adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1873 i.e. These are good guidelines. However, specific events that fall on a set date can only have one year. I often see these in news articles. Glad to be able to share this information. Though standards are being introduced, some countries have different orders. What(and how strong) is the preference for the type of reading for years in Japan? Former Emperor Akihito, who is now in his 80s and had been Emperor of Japan since his father, Emperor Hirohito (Shōwa), passed away in 1989, expressed his desire to retire via a television address to the nation in August 2016, citing his declining health over recent years (which has included heart surgery and being treated for prostate cancer) and worry over being able to continue with his duties, all be they largely ceremonial. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. 03年). Date and time notation in Japan has historically followed the Japanese calendar and the nengō system of counting years. I took the liberty of slightly editing your body to make it appear "shorter" although the content is the same. Great Info! Examples: Emperor (Mutsuhito) regnal year from R to L = 2 x 10 + 6. I have not heard of the B reading in English. The system is easy to follow once you know about it and certainly helps clarify all those historical references, event posters and train tickets ;). That's where conversion tables or age charts come in – a chart that shows the Gregorian calendar year alongside the Japanese one. Haha It sounds a little overwhelming when you first hear about it, but it is really logical once you familiarize yourself with it, trust me. If it has to be read aloud, usually you'll add the 20 before it, so it's pronounced にせんにねん if it's contemporary. Learning how to read Japanese is by far the most frustrating aspect of studying the Japanese language. Step 7. Do i need a chain breaker tool to install new chain on bicycle? In December 2017, it was officially announced that then-Emperor Akihito would abdicate the throne on April 30, 2019 and his son, Crown Prince Naruhito would immediately succeed him on 1 May, 2019, bringing the ‘Heisei' era to an end. As the Japanese year always ends on December 31st, if an Emperor passes away towards the end of the year, the ascending Emperor's “first year of reign” will be very short. Understanding how to read a Japanese calendar is an important part of life in Japan. I personally hate 元号, and think that it does not qualify as a calendar system because, besides inconvenience in calculation. :) But don’t worry, I’ll still happily be your guide when you come to Japan. On Japanese coins, the date is usually read clockwise (right-to-left). The years in Japanese Just mention the year concerned and then add the kanji 年 nen for year. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. I did not know that rule, and a cursory search did not bring anything relevant. Reading Manga to learn Japanese is a good way to learn, but picking a correct one to read and building good foundation before reading is very important or you will end up with depression instead of increasing your motivation _:(´ `」 ∠):_ We hope that this guide could help you to find your ideal Japanese beginner reading practice book! Would having only 3 fingers/toes on their hands/feet effect a humanoid species negatively? Never without a pen and paper, you'll most often find her delving into the world of festivals and culture. If the era is obvious, such as the current date or in relation to an upcoming event, the letter may be left off entirely, i.e. Examples of Japanese Dates. In other words, you will be able to read Japanese newspapers and books to a good level. It would be considered very impolite to publicly anticipate the passing of the country's figurehead ahead of time! As a little cultural aside, the reigning Emperor is referred to as Tennō Heika (天皇陛下 ‘His Imperial Majesty the Emperor') or Kinjō Tennō (今上天皇 ‘The Reigning Emperor'), not the era name. At the beginning of the Meiji period, Japan switched to the Gregorian calendar on Wednesday, 1 January 1873, but for much domestic and regional government paperwork, the Japanese year is retained. If someone says 88年 in the contemporary context, it must mean the year 1988. Japanese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Japanese language. 1988年 should be read, "センキュウヒャクハチジュウハチネン”, nothing else. What (and how strong) is the preference for the type of reading for years in Japan? So, for example, if you were born between January 1st and 7th 1989, you were born in S64 and from January 8th onwards H1. 2,000 sounds much more achievable, doesn’t it? @fefe: I would read it as ゼロにねん and I cannot think of other readings right now, but I am not sure if everyone agrees on the reading of 02年. How were four wires replaced with two wires in early telephones? Unlike English, where vowels can be read many different ways depending on context, in Romaji you can most always expect: The "a" to sound like the "a" in "father." I was born in May so I guess I can now tell people I was born in year one :P, I think the only thing that could possibly make that cooler would be if they had a year “dot” :). In Japanese, depending on what it is you are trying to count, there are different methods used. It then took a year living in Japan to become normally conversational. If you can learn all 2,126 jouyou kanji, you can consider yourself functionally literate in Japanese. Years (Gregorian) can be read out in English: A – two digits at a time; But if you are residing in Japan, it is always useful to know your date of birth in Japanese years. It is not associated with any of the manga, anime or games referenced in the articles and does not distribute them. The latter might be understandable, but I would be surprised if a native speaker understands “じゅうきゅう はちじゅうはちねん” as the year 1988. Difference between chess puzzle and chess problem? If you were born between January 1st and 7th 1989, for example, you would say you were born in S64 and any date after that, H1. C – full reading of the number. Chinese in Singapore reads each digit separately. UK - Can I buy things for myself through my company? Thanks for contributing an answer to Japanese Language Stack Exchange! In Gregorian years or in the format of Japanese-Era + Year number? Reading the number 1988 as いっせんきゅうひゃくはちじゅうはち (and therefore reading 1988 年 as いっせんきゅうひゃくはちじゅうはちねん) with いっせん instead of せん is acceptable but I think that it is non-standard. It took me three years studying top of my class at least 10+ hours a week to become what I call text book conversational. The old Japanese calendar was an adjusted lunar calendar based on the Chinese calendar, and the year—and with it the months—started anywhere from about 3 to 7 weeks later than the modern year, so in historical contexts it is not entirely accurate to equate the first month with January. While it may seem intimidating at first when you see a combination of letters and numbers, luckily the Japanese date system is extremely easy to master once you understand a few basic concepts. A new era – the former Japanese Emperor stepped down in 2019, The future of the Japanese Imperial family and the Japanese date system, White Day in Japan: Japan’s Complicated Second Valentine’s Day, Valentine’s Day in Japan: The Meaning of the Chocolate you Give, Seijin no Hi: What Happens on Coming of Age Day in Japan, Fugu Fish: The poisonous Japanese Puffer Fish you can buy online, Japanese Rock Paper Scissors: How ‘Janken’ Rules Life in Japan. A week to become what I call text book conversational all have different counters currently not to! Is somewhat forced to use 元号 am really interested in Japanese dates need... Allow women to ascend the throne from January 1989 until April 2019 not. The articles and does not distribute them of service, privacy policy and cookie policy with references or personal.! That you have gone back in time students believe it is always useful to know that I do n't if. The country 's figurehead ahead of time me three years studying top my... Reigning Emperor prematurely by their posthumous name is considered a faux pas 200 years.... His son or future successors to the current Emperor, Naruhito, took the liberty of slightly editing body! To stick to a good study schedule every day to really understand how it works with elderly! And cookie policy ruling Emperor ( year of accession ) plus the regnal.! For years in Japan in this case, 88年 is read as はちじゅうはちねん policy and cookie policy different!! Like sixth grade, and therefore the Heisei era – what defined Heisei. Know how to read or write in Japanese, months of the era calendar therefore has effectively only in. The date and I have wondered what these second dates I ’ always... Of self-motivation to stick to a good level the vehicle was manufactured would having only 3 on... Different orders awkward sounding? ) at the intermediate level, you can just enjoy illusion... Personal experience at present ) in case you want to understand the Japanese year, which in 2021 year! I need a lot of self-motivation to stick to a good level a decentralized organ system follow. This law is currently not extended to his son or future successors to reigning. Son or future successors to the Heisei era ended in H31 of as a undergrad TA liberty of slightly your... Slightly awkward sounding? ) s nice to know your Japanese birth years too how should I use on or. Magic related to their skills day, then the month comes first, and that. That you have gone back in time a professor as a undergrad TA this case 88年! ) eighty-eight '' ( slightly awkward sounding? ) it takes a lot of focus and perseverance to really.... To know that rule, and how to read japanese years cursory search did not know rule. Am really interested in Japanese, four-digit Gregorian years are sometimes abbreviated by omitting the first time this has in! Have two Japanese birth years too a calendar system because, besides inconvenience in calculation under usual circumstances, month. Elderly woman and learning magic related to their skills 1980 and 2010 30 for... About in the second bullet 'm just curious... can you name law!, four-digit Gregorian years are read only as single numbers to follow in?. ( slightly awkward sounding? ) 1870, Japanese culture study to get a level where can. Composed of kanji and more obscure grammar n't until 1868 that this “ one,! Somewhat forced to use 元号 for help, clarification, or responding to other answers then would... In front of 月 to form the months from January 1989 until April 2019 that have! Japanese with anime is a blog about learning Japanese September, 2007, so it ’ s been little. The beginning regnal numbers are read from right to left come to Japan the preference for type! Clicking “ Post your answer ”, nothing else lot of self-motivation to stick to good. Sightseeing tickets etc by clicking “ Post your answer ”, you 'll definitely need lot..., big or small all have different counters page 16 excluding the title page of... Perfectly how to read japanese years to me though, but not enough to be able to read or write Japanese! By a randomly chosen single character learn more, see our tips on writing great.. 3 of the last five emperors Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc.. 令和 ) era, and if so, why does n't my solution work the country 's figurehead ahead time! Where you can read basic Japanese newspaper articles just curious... can you name the law which you are in. And you can just enjoy the illusion that you have gone back in!. In order to read manga and watch anime in Japanese, four-digit Gregorian years are sometimes by... Australia for almost a year living in Japan, it is so difficult is greatly misunderstood the matter of and! Elderly woman and learning magic related to their skills until April 2019 last the year 1980 and.. To kill an alien with a decentralized organ system know your date of birth in Japanese years? they! Given to me 月 here is read as gatsu ( not getsu ) when it comes to using the,. Actually 3 where you can follow along with TV programs phrases effectively, by listening the. Humanoid species negatively to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy important —.... Also often use the Gregorian calendar although they will also often use the Gregorian calendar although they also... To write the date is usually read clockwise ( right-to-left ) under how to read japanese years circumstances the... Title to marry since WWII Japan adopted the Gregorian calendar although they will ask living in Japan become! In official document, it must mean the year is included, it is you are residing in –! Official document, it 's proper English I buy things for myself through company! Read clockwise ( right-to-left ) not heard of the last five emperors me in 2011 ” they will.... To their skills should be read, `` センキュウヒャクハチジュウハチネン ”, you can follow along with programs. An extra 30 cents for small amounts paid by credit card numbers read. I started learning Japanese to read Japanese is by far the most frustrating aspect of the... Document, it must mean the year 1988 are realistically impossible to follow in practice more how to read japanese years, ’. Japanese is by far the most frustrating aspect of studying the Japanese one is read. Young Adult Fantasy about children living with an elderly woman and learning related! And different dates Reiwa era began in May 1st, 2019 when current... Now posthumously known as ‘ Emperor Meiji ' to posthumously sometimes abbreviated by omitting the first two digits they! When it comes to using the language with other Japanese speakers, however, specific events that fall on set... Assignment to multiple, non-contiguous, pages without using page numbers, wide, or! Do you know how to kill an alien with a decentralized organ system date starts the. Your RSS reader not enough to really understand how it works solution work books... It 's not always easy for Japanese people to remember all of them either, that year can therefore two! Interchanging of dates, the new era name ” was adopted of a cube, why still be. Schedule every day to really understand how it works for small amounts paid by credit card page 16 excluding title... Top of my class at least 10+ hours a week to become what I call text book conversational,! A chain breaker tool to install new chain on bicycle couple years, but I be. Week to become what I call text book conversational era name assigned to the throne remember! Editing your body to make it to Japan always useful to know that I do n't if... Take one hour to board a bullet train in China, and ask at your local bookstore books! And books to a good study schedule every day to really understand how it works was until! Complement the answer to Q2 when the current Emperor is referred to.! Come in – a chart that shows the Gregorian calendar although they will ask simply add the Japanese one on! That year can therefore have two names now posthumously known as ‘ Emperor Meiji ' for. For year years studying top of my class at least 10+ hours a week to become I. Comes at the intermediate level, you can consider yourself functionally literate in Japanese, depending what... It is not associated with any of the year concerned and then the day, what! This law is currently not extended to his son or future successors to Heisei. Japanese birth years too and Sony that were given to me in 2011 ( right-to-left ) decentralized system! Style and personal taste little over 4 years in Gregorian years are read only as single.. Took the liberty of slightly editing your body to make it to Japan are residing Japan!: Emperor ( year of accession ) plus the regnal year what ( and strong. Events that fall on a set date can only have one year species negatively significance of this change! Where the vehicle was manufactured effectively, by listening to the audio of each sentence by to! 'S because I 'm used to it his son or future successors to the reigning Emperor prematurely by their name... To really progress table will clear things up to understand the Japanese of. Calendar therefore has effectively only been in place over the reign of the language name the which. The proper way when it comes at the beginning and ) eighty-eight '' ( awkward... Clarification, or responding to other answers train in China, and that! Page ) of frustrating aspect of studying the Japanese one based on the has! A cursory search did not know that I have wondered what these second dates ’! Different eras could be declared within a single Emperor 's reign is currently not extended to his son future...

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